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EVMs: Transforming the Electoral Landscape of India - Ritvika Singh, BhashaLab Student

Updated: Jan 7


In the intricate dance of Indian elections, the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) has twirled its way into the spotlight, reshaping the dynamics and introducing innovative solutions like Remote EVMs (R-EVMs). Let's unravel the journey from traditional ballot boxes to the cutting-edge technology of EVMs and explore the proposed R-EVMs as a strategic solution to contemporary challenges.

Before EVMs: The Ballot Box Era:

Before the era of EVMs, the ballet of Indian elections played out with ballot papers and boxes. The Ballot Box system, though functional, was marred by manual counting complexities and logistical hurdles, prompting the need for a more efficient alternative.

The Need for EVMs:

Conceived in 1977, EVMs emerged as the answer to the inefficiencies of traditional methods. With the aim to enhance speed, accuracy, and overall effectiveness, EVMs replaced the conventional ballot box. This electronic marvel was designed with a control unit and a balloting unit, revolutionizing the voting process.

Features of EVMs:

EVMs, a two-unit wonder, transformed the electoral landscape. The presiding officer held the control unit, while the balloting unit nestled in the voting compartment. This not only streamlined voter identity verification but also eliminated the need for traditional ballot papers. Voters, instead, pressed the Ballot Button next to their chosen candidate's name on the machine.

Pros of EVMs:

The advantages of EVMs are profound. From an environmental standpoint, the significant reduction in paper usage has saved thousands of tons of ballots and more than 20 lac trees. Economically, EVMs have proven cost-effective, minimizing expenses related to printing, transportation, and storage. Their mobility has extended voting accessibility to hilly and remote regions. Moreover, the swift counting process ensures quicker and more accurate election results.

Cons of EVMs:

Yet, no innovation is flawless. The technological complexity of EVMs demands technical expertise, presenting challenges in regions with limited technological infrastructure. Concerns related to malfunctions, security vulnerabilities, and the absence of comprehensive audit mechanisms have raised questions about the integrity of the electoral process. Additionally, the initial acquisition and maintenance costs may strain the resources of financially constrained regions.

Remote EVMs (R-EVMs): A Visionary Approach:

In response to the challenges faced by domestic migrants, the Election Commission of India proposed R-EVMs. This visionary approach aims to enhance voter turnout among migrants by enabling them to cast their votes remotely. With a staggering 91.2 crores eligible voters, the statistics reveal that 30 crores registered voters did not vote due to internal migration, equating to 32.89% of eligible voters. The introduction of R-EVMs is the strategic solution proposed by the ECI to address this significant disenfranchisement.

My Opinion and Conclusion:

The evolution from traditional methods to EVMs represents progress and efficiency in the democratic process. Despite acknowledging concerns surrounding EVMs, particularly in terms of security and cost, the benefits are undeniable. The proposed R-EVMs exemplify a strategic move towards inclusivity, ensuring that every eligible voter, regardless of location, can exercise their democratic right. In conclusion, EVMs, coupled with innovative solutions like R-EVMs, showcase the transformative power of technology in fortifying the democratic foundation of India.

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